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Curl POST request syntax with a message body
The general form of a Curl command for making a POST request with a body is as follows:
The -X parameter specifies which HTTP request method will be used when communicating with the server. The -d parameter specifies the data to be sent to the server in the body of the POST message. The content-type header indicates the data type in the request body.
What is Curl?
Curl is a command-line utility for transferring data to or from a remote server using one of the supported protocols. Developers use curl to test API, send requests to the server, view server response headers, and load-test APIs. Curl supports over 25+ protocols, including HTTP, HTTPS, FTP, FTPS, and SFTP, has built-in support for SSL certificates, supports HTTP POST, HTTP PUT, FTP file upload, web form submission, user authentication, HTTP Cookies, and more.
What is HTTP POST request method?
HTTP POST is one of 9 common HTTP request methods supported by HTTP. The POST method requests the webserver to accept the data enclosed in the POST request message's body to process or store it. The HTTP POST method is used to upload files and submit web forms. The HTTP POST method is used for CRUD operations to create or update a resource on the server. POST requests may change the state of the server and are not idempotent.
Can I send data in the body of an HTTP POST request?
Yes, you can send any data to a server in the body of the HTTP POST request. HTTP POST requests need a Content-Type header that identifies the data type in the POST request body to allow the server to interpret and process this data correctly. For example, when submitting to a web form server, the Content-Type is usually application/x-www-form-urlencoded. When uploading files to the server, the Content-Type is usually multipart/form-data.
How to send a POST request using Curl?
You can send a POST request with Curl by explicitly specifying the POST method with the -X POST command line parameter or passing data to Curl using the -d or --data command line parameter. If you pass data using the -d command-line switch and do not explicitly specify the HTTP method with the -X command-line option, Curl will automatically select the HTTP POST method for the request.
How to post the body of a message using Curl?
You can pass the body of the POST message to Curl with the -d or --data command-line option. Curl will send data to the server in the same format as the browser when submitting an HTML form. To send binary data in the body of a POST message with Curl, use the --data-binary command-line option. To send a file from the disk using Curl, start the data with the @ symbol; the rest of the parameter should be the file's name from which data will be read.
How to pass the Content-Type header using Curl?
When sending data, you must also pass the data type in the HTTP message body using the Content-Type request header. This is important and allows the server to interpret and process the message body correctly. The header can be passed to Curl using the -H command-line option.
Curl POST Body Examples
Example #1 Sending JSON in the body of a POST message:
Example #2 Sending HTML form in the body of a POST message:
Example #3 Sending XML in the body of a POST message:
Example #4 Sending File in the body of a POST message: