What is Curl?
Curl (stands Client URL) is a command-line tool that runs on Windows, Linux, and macOS platforms, designed for transferring data from a server or to a server using many popular network protocols, including HTTP, HTTPS, and FTP. Curl has built-in support for SSL, proxies, certificate validation, HTTP cookies, and user authentication.
What is HTTP POST?
HTTP POST is the most widely used HTTP protocol method for sending files and data to a server. The POST method asks the web server to accept and process the data contained in the body of the POST message. The POST method is commonly used for uploading files, submitting HTML forms, and CRUD operations when creating or updating a resource on the server. POST requests can change the server's state and are not idempotent, unlike GET and HEAD request methods.
How to send HTTP POST requests using Curl?
You can send HTTP POST requests using Curl by explicitly specifying the required HTTP method with the -X POST command line parameter. When submitting data using the -d command-line option, Curl automatically selects the HTTP POST method. If you want Curl to use a different HTTP method, such as HTTP PUT, you can specify this with the -X PUT command-line option.
How to send a file using Curl?
o upload a file, use the -d command-line option and begin data with the @ symbol. If you start the data with @, the rest should be the file's name from which Curl will read the data and send it to the server.
Curl will use the file extension to send the correct MIME data type. For example, if you send a JSON file using the command line -d @data.json parameters, Curl will automatically send the Content-Type: application/json HTTP header with your request. If you want to send data with a different type, you can use the -H command-line option and specify your content type.
Curl post file syntax
The general form of the Curl command for posting a file is as follows:
- -d: @filename: file to send to server
How to upload files with multipart/form-data content type using Curl?
Browsers use the multipart/form-data content type when you upload multiple files to the server via web forms. To submit data with multipart/form-data content type with Curl, use the -F (or --form) command line parameter and precede the parameter value with an @ sign.
What is the difference between the -d and -F options?
The -d command-line option will force Curl to submit data to the server using the application/x-www-form-urlencoded format. At the same time, the -F command-line option tells Curl to send data to the server in multipart/form-data format.
How to upload multiple files at once using Curl?
To post multiple files to the server at the same time, add additional -F option for each file name.