What is JSON?
What is XML?
XML (eXtensible Markup Language) is an open data format designed for storing, structuring, and transmitting data using human-readable text. XML is a widely used data format for storing and transferring data objects over the network, during client-server interactions. The language markup of XML is similar to HTML. XML is independent of programming languages, software, and hardware, and can be easily parsed into syntactic constructs by XML processors. XML is informative and simple. XML files have *.xml extension. The MIME type for XML is application/xml.
How are JSON and XML similar?
Below are the main similarities between JSON and XML:
- JSON and XML are used to store and transmit data and do so using human-readable text, making it easy to work with and interpret
- JSON and XML are self-describing and can be parsed and used by many programming languages
- Despite differences in structure and semantics, both JSON and XML follow a hierarchical order of values within values
What is the difference between JSON and XML?
The table shows the main differences between JSON and XML:
|JSON files are straightforward to read compared to XML||XML documents are relatively difficult to read and interpret|
|JSON only supports UTF-8 encoding||XML supports various encodings|
|JSON supports array||XML does not support an array|
|JSON does not provide namespace support||XML supports namespaces|
|JSON does not use an end tag||XML has start and end tags|
|JSON does not support comments||XML supports comments|
JSON or XML: Which is better?
XML is often considered "ancient" these days, it has great features that go beyond fast processing and data transfer, and hence it's more complex than JSON. XML has made a major contribution to the exchange of data in a universal language, transforming the world of computing. While XML is slower and more complex, it also provides additional functionality that has not yet been developed in JSON to date.
However, the clear benefits of JSON do not negate the importance of learning XML, since its complexity and capabilities can go beyond the rapid transfer and processing of data.