How do I read the response object in Python Requests?
To get a response object in Python Requests, you need to send an HTTP GET, POST or PUT request, after which the library will return requests.Response object. The requests.Response object of the Requests module contains all information about the server's response to an HTTP request. The Response server object is generated after the Requests library receives a response from the server. The Response object includes all the information returned by the server and the request object that was created initially. This is a Python example, we return the "r.status_code" status code from the given URL and check if the request was successful. Click Execute to run Python Response Example online and see the result.
Python Requests is a most popular Library that makes it straightforward to send HTTP requests using POST, GET and PUT methods, post JSON and XML data, upload files, and submit HTML forms. The Library automatically validates server SSL certificates and supports session cookies and International Domain Names. The Requests Library is established on the urllib3 library and disguises the complexness of making HTTP requests behind a simple API. The Requests Library is not contained in the Python distribution, almost everyone uses Requests Library because the Python code for working with HTTP becomes simple, short, and straightforward.
How to use the Python Requests library?
To install the Python Requests library, run the following command:
Install Python Requests Library
pip install requests
After installing the Request Library, you can use it in your work:
What is HTTP Response?
An HTTP response is an information from the server as a result of a client request. The response also serves as confirmation that the requested action was completed successfully. If an error occurs while executing a client request, the server responds with an error message. Moreover, HTTP responses come in plain text in JSON or XML format.
The HTTP response contains:
1. The Status Line, which shows the HTTP version number, a three-digit number indicating the result of the request, and the reason phrase(status text).
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
HTTP/1.1: the HTTP version
200: the status code
OK: the reason phrase
2. HTTP headers or server header fields contain information that the client can use to learn more about the response and the server that sent it. This information can help the client display a response to the user, store (or cache) the response for future use, and make additional requests to the server now or in the future.
3. The body of the response message, which contains the resource requested by the client or some information about the status of the action requested by the client. Message bodies are used for most responses. The exceptions are when the server responds to a client request using the HEAD method (which requests headers but not the response body) and uses specific status codes.